When it comes to steel shots with your shotgun, you need to have a more open choke instead of a full choke. The only way you should have a full choke is if it’s specifically approved for steel shots by the manufacturer. Otherwise, go with more open choke because it will allow the steel shot to safely exit the barrel without damaging your weapon. If your choke is specifically made for lead shots then you should never use a steel shot with your shotgun either. This information can usually be found on the manufacturer’s website or at the gun dealer where you purchased your weapon. You can also use improved cylinder chokes and modified chokes as well for steel shots. You don’t want the choke to be tighter than the modified choke or else it could damage the shotgun.


Steel shots weigh less than lead shots, so you may want to use a steal shot that is double the size of a lead shot. That way the impact will be just as effective. Of course, steel is much harder than lead which means it will penetrate your target better and reduce the chances of clogging the wound. Steel shots also don’t spread as much, which is another reason why an open choke is better to use than any other type of choke. You could use a modified or improved cylinder but its ability to spread will be reduced. It all depends on how badly you want to shoot targets up close versus far away. Some people like open chokes with steel shots just so they can completely destroy their target at close range without causing it to suffer too much. But if you are into long range shooting then use the modified choke with your steel shots. This will give you much better range and accuracy when firing at your target.

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Shotgun Chokes Explained
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