Shotgun Shooting Stance
Your shooting stances are important and as always, remember in a firefight the target shoots back. You stance is what sets you up for your next move, because in a tactical situation you fire and move. Left foot in front of the right if you are a right-handed shooter, and feet shoulder width apart. Your weight needs to be shifted slightly forward so your feet are braced and your body balanced for the recoil. Flex your knees slightly to help keep balance after the recoil, and make sure the weapon is tight against the shoulder so it moves the body and does not slam into the shoulder. Having slack between the stock and shoulder means after a day of firing you will not be able to lift your arm the next morning.
Cheek to stock weld, this is the position your cheek naturally finds when you bring the weapon to your shoulder. Your cheek is against the stock and eyes on target. Practice will ensure you automatically assume this position when bringing your shotgun to bear.
Your hand on the forearm must be such you do not strain it so it begins shaking. Make sure the elbow and your forearm acts as a support by having a bend in the elbow instead of being held straight out. Elbows in close to the body, you want to make a smaller target and when swinging through doorways and around corners you do not want your elbows to be banging into walls and doorjambs.
Once you fire, you can maintain the stance by swinging around to focus on another target or move forward or sideways. Keep your eyes on the target or if you loss the target scan for it while maintaining the position. You may have to break the stance to seek cover, but you can regain the stance if shooting from around your cover.
Point shooting is usually a reflex action, where you perceive a threat and fire instinctively usually from the hip. This is not sight shooting, but is a reaction to an immediate threat. Typically, the stock is not against the hip but to the side and the weapon is pushed back from the recoil but retains target discipline. You can swing the entire body to fire at a moving target. You can practice this shooting stance to improve accuracy.
In this position, you are pointing the barrel and not lining up the sights on target. It is quite similar to drawing a pistol from a hip holster and firing from the hip, and you have to know intuitively where the barrel is pointed.
Fast draw gunfights in years past were not always as depicted on television. Usually the shooter fired before the barrel was level with the target meaning they shot into the ground or their own foot. It was common for both shooters to empty their revolvers without scoring a hit on the other. They simply did not have time to draw their pistol and bring it up into a tactical two-handed stance.
If a situation erupts and you are carrying your ready to fire shotgun in one hand, firing from the hip may be the fastest way to get rounds downrange. For right-handed shooters bring your left hand around and grasp the forearm of the weapon while the trigger finger, which is already close, finds the mark. You can crouch slightly as you move your feet into position as you swing on target. This stance is not recommended unless you are surprised by an attack because in some cases you can prematurely fire before the barrel has swung on target. You have less target discipline and stand a greater chance of causing collateral injuries.